Forex trading deals with primarily dealing with trading among the world’s many currencies. Forex, short for foreign exchange, usually involves transactions that deal with buying one currency and then paying for a certain quantity of another currency.

All transactions happen in the foreign exchange market, also known as the largest and the most liquid financial market in the world, accounting for more than US$ 3 trillion worth of deals each day.

Characteristics

Although the foreign exchange market is considered the largest of financial markets, there is no accepted central based market for all forex transactions and trades.

Cross border regulation is little, if not non-existent. Instead, the currency market is composed mainly of a number of interconnected marketplaces where different currencies are being traded.

Because of this, there usually is an availability of different exchange rates on the different markets, that is, depending on what bank or which currency market one is trading on.

Participants

Those who participate in forex trading are usually limited to those with access to different currency markets. This would be unlike a stock market where everyone may have equal access to stock prices.

In the currency market, the varying prices are available to participants with a certain level of access to the market. At the top level involves the inter-bank market, or exchanges of different currencies between banks. This are usually composed of the largest investment banking firms.

The access to such markets is usually dependent on the volume of currency participants are able to trade at any time. The next level of the forex market usually is composed of smaller investment banks. Next in line comes the multi-national corporations and large hedge funds.